Conducting Book contents

Conducting textbook by Bingham Vick,Jr........Table of Contents

                  Conducting:             

        What  Matters  Most

                            Table of Contents

 

FORWARD.            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            6

Biographical Resume of Bingham Vick,Jr.            .            .            .            .            .            .            7

Prayer of Appreciation for Music            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            8

Prelude - “The Joy of Teaching”  (a “parable”)            .            .            .            .            .            9

 

PART ONE

 

Conducting, an introduction         .         .         .         .         .         .         .         10                              A Brief History of the Art of Conducting            .            .            .            .            .            .            11

            So, Just What Does a Conductor Do?            .            .            .            .            .            .            13

 

           

Chapter I - What Matters Most - the mechanics and the psychology          .         14                    

            Conducting: The Psychology - What is a successful conductor?            .            .            .            15

                        Personal Qualities of Conductors

                        “Conductor’s qualities” - Harriet Simons (1983, State University of New York - Buffalo) 16

                        “Inspiration” - Brock McElheran   (1966, Potsdam, NY)            .            .            .            18

                        Advice from Hiam Ginott (child psychologist)            .            .            .            .            19

 

            Conducting: The Mechanics            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            19

                        Conducting is             (1) making music               .            .            .            .            .            20   

                                                (2) minimum gesture for maximum result            .            .            .            20

                                                (3) the result of homework              .            .            .            .            20

                                                (4) being a benevolent dictator   (Leadership styles)            .            .            22

                                                (5) unending self-evaluation            .            .            .            .            23

 

                        General Conducting Guidelines            .            .            .            .            .            .            24

                                    1.     Say what you mean, and mean what you say

                                    2.     “Have the score in the head, not the head in the score” 

                                    3.     Use MINIMUM GESTURE FOR MAXIMUM RESULT           

                                    4.      Fit the Pattern to the Music,  not the Music to the Pattern

                                    5.      Develop a big bag of tricks.

                                    6.     There are no bad ensembles, only bad conductors

 

            Principles of Conducting - the psychology of motion            .            .            .            .            .            25

                                               

                                    Conducting Stance            .            .            .            .            .            .            25

                                    Conducting Field            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            27

                                    Conducting Patterns               .            .            .            .            .            .            29

                                                   “fit the pattern to the music, not the music to a pattern”

                                    Basic Principles of Gesture            .            .            .            .            .            33

                                    Use of Baton            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            33

                                    Use of Left Hand            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            34           

                                                                                    1

                                    Styles of Conducting Gesture            .            .            .            .            .            35

                                                every gesture should have meaning

                                    The Conducting Gesture and Breathing, or Preparing to Initiate Sound            .            36

                                    Three-step Procedure for Beginning to Conduct            .            .            .            37

                                    Learning How to Conduct            .            .            .            .            .            .            38

                                                CLARITY - CONSISTENCY - CONVICTION

                                    Some exercizes for learning conducting movement             .            .            .            39

           

            CONDUCTING EXAMPLES:

                                    #1            4/4     “Jesu meine Freude”            .            .            .            .            40

                                    #2            4/4 with pickup     “O Beautiful for spacious skies”            .            .            41

                                    #3            3/4   “My country tis of thee”            .            .            .            .            42

                                    #4            3/4 with pickup and fermatas    “The Star Spangled Banner”            .            43

                                                Star Spangled Banner,   4-part instrumental setting            .            .            44

                                    #5            2/2    TRURO   “Lift up your heads, O mighty gates”            .                        45           

 

            ADDITIONAL MUSICAL EXAMPLES FOR CONDUCTING:            .            .            .             46

                        Bach chorale:   “Jesu, priceless treasure”                        4-pattern            .            .            .47

                        Bach chorale:   “How bright appears the morning star”   4-pattern, start on 4            .            48

                        Bach chorale:   See world, thy Lord in anguish”            4-pattern, start on 4            .            49

 

                        from Handel’s MESSIAH

                        Sinfony                        divided 4-pattern            .            .            .            .            .            .            50

                        No.9 “O thou that tellest”               moderato 6-pattern,  modified 4-pattern, 2 pattern            .            51

                        No. 20  “He shall feed his flock”            slow 12-pattern, legato            .            .            .            52

                        No. 24 “Surely, he hath borne our griefs”            divided 4-pattern, staccato            .            .            53

                        No. 29 “Thy rebuke, hath broken his heart”                        recitative:  passive beats            .            54

                        No. 36 “Thou art gone up on high”               Allegro larghetto;  3-pattern, legato            .            55

                        No. 48 “The trumpet shall sound”              Pomposo ma non allegro;  3-pattern, mrcato               56

 

                        Franz J. Haydn, Symphony No. 94,  2nd movement            .            .            .            .            57

                                    4-pattern, staccato beats, tenuto, soft dynamic,  subito ff

                        Ludwig van Beethoven, Symphony No. 5, 1st movement            .            .            .            58

                                    1-pattern,  fermata, large dynamic changes,  cueing entrances

                                                                                   

            ADENDA:

                                    R.Strauss “Ten Golden Rules for the Young Conductor”            .            .            59

                                    Quotes on conducting

                                               

 

Chapter II - What Matters Most - Score Study and Musical Analysis          .         60       

 

         Westin Noble - Composer’s Cycle            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            60

 

            Seven-step Analysis System  (Margaret Hillis)            .            .            .            .            .            62

           

            Applying Analysis to Conducting            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            65

 

            Common Musical  Tempo Markings, Terms            .            .            .            .            .            .            67

 

            Considering Musical Style            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            70

 

            Guidelines for Style and Performance Practice            .            .            .            .            .            73

 

            Musical Analysis of Bach motet, “Jesu, meine Freude”            .            .            .            .            77

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                               2

PART TWO

 

Chapter III- What Matters  Most - Choral Rehearsal Technique          .         .         81                                   

            General Rehearsal Goals            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            82           

 

            18 Rehearsal Guidelines            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            83

                        Lectures are enhanced when the teacher...            .            .            .            .            .            87

                        Selected statements about learning            .            .            .            .            .            .            88

                        EXAMPLE:  SAMPLE REHEARSAL PLAN FOR FURMAN SINGERS            .            89

                        The Seven Habits of Successful People   (Stephen Covey)            .            .            .            91

 

            What really matters - Be Yourself            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            96

 

            Experienced conductor, remember...            .            .            .            .            .            .            97

 

            10 things not to say at choir rehearsal  (1988, Wayne Wold)            .            .            .            .            98

 

            An Adjudicator Lists 10 Common Vocal Sins   ( 1994, Pamela Wirgler, Heidelberg College)            99

 

            18 Ways to Motivate Your Choir   (1991, Karen Issacson, San Jose State University)            .            100

 

            50 Resolutions for a Choral Conductor - Harriet Simons            .            .            .            .            101

         Actual Quotes from Grade School Essays on Classical Music            .            .            .            .            102

 

 

Chapter IV - What Matters  Most: Vocal-Choral Issues          .         .         .         105                          

            Auditions - Learning about the Singers            .            .            .            .            .            .            106

                        Sample Audition example (Furman Singers Audition)             .            .            .            109                       

                        Audition Evaluation Form            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            110

 

            Create a Seating Chart            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            111

 

            Three Rules for Singing            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            113

 

            Choral singing and solo singing            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            114

 

            Choral Rehearsal Discipline - Watch and Listen            .            .            .            .            .            115

 

            What is the purpose of a choral rehearsal?            .            .            .            .            .            .            116

                        Educational - Spiritual - Functional - Social

 

            ADDITIONAL VOCAL-CHORAL ISSUES...

                        Vibrato, Science, and the Choral Singer.....................117

                        Singing on Numbers   (Count-singing)..................... 117 A

                        Vocal Health - Take care of the voice.........................117 B

                        Choral Pedagogy and Vocal Health...........................117 B

                        Quiet Singing and the learning process (R.Shaw) ........117 C-D

 

            A Chorister’s Confession            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            118

 

            From actual church bulletins around the country  (quotes and mis-quotes)            .            .            119

                                                      3

 

 

Chapter V - What Matters Most - Repertoire          .         .         .                  121                                    Balanced Choral Diet            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            121

 

            Criteria for Selecting Literature for the Choir            .            .            .            .            .            122

                        1. The Ability of the Choir

                        2. The Text

                        3. The Composer

                        4. The Music

                        5. Is this music I believe in?

 

            Stop-Look-Listen            .            .            .            .            .            .            .            .                        124

                  David Brunner  (University of Central Florida)            .            .            .                        124           

                        Jean Janzen   (teacher of creative writing and poetry)            .            .            .                        125

                        Eric Routley   (Westminster Choir College)            .            .            .            .                        125

                        Lovelace and Rice             .            .            .            .            .            .                        125

                        Gerald Ottley, “The Audience as programming factor”  (Mormon Tabernacle Choir)            126

                       

            Resources for Repertoire            .            .            .            .            .            .            .                        127

                        American Choral Directors Association - CHORAL JOURNAL

                        African-American Music and Performance             .            .            .            .                        128

                        Russian  Sacred Music            .            .            .            .            .            .                        128 a

 

            Musical Examples for study and conducting            .            .            .            .            .                        129                                                                       

                        Tallis - “If ye love me”            .            .            .            .            .            .                        130

                        Bach - “Dona nobis pacem”    from  MASS IN B MINOR            .            .                        131

                        Handel - “Halleluia” from JUDAS MACCABAEUS            .            .            .                        132

                        Haydn - “The Heavens are Telling”  from THE CREATION            .            .                        133

                        Mendelssohn - “He watching over Israel”     from  ELIJAH            .            .                        134

                        R.Thompson - “The Last Words of David”            .            .            .            .                        135

 

         Music for Service of Memory and Celebration            .            .            .            .                        136                                    

           

            Two “Service of Memory and Celebraton” outlines            .            .            .            .                        140                                                                       

            List of important settings of “requiem”             .            .            .            .            .                        141 

 

 

 

Chapter VI - What Matters  Most - Working with Instruments         .         .         143                 

             

            A choral conductor’s guide to conducting instruments            .            .            .            .            .            143

            Five Guidelines:   1 - Prepare the music - Have the score in the head!

                                    2 - Prepare the rehearsal/performance space for the instruments

                                    3 - Plan the rehearsal to the minute

                                    4 - Be clear with your gestures

                                    5 - Acknowledge the importance of the instrumental ensemble to the music

 

            Working with Strings   (Thomas Joiner, violinist, conductor, Furman University)            147

                        Service Agreement            .            .            .            .            .            .                        148

           

            A Selective List of Choral-orchestral Music:    Basic Repertoire for Chorus and Orchestra   .            151

 

            Statements attributed to Eugene Ormandy (conductor, Philadelphia Orchestra)            .            .            158

 

                                                                                    4

APPENDICES:

Appendix 1 -  Miscellaneous Information on selected choral-orchestral works            .            159

 

                        Johann Sebastian Bach - Mass in B Minor                                                            161           

                        Johann Sebastian Bach - Magnificat in D                                                            162

                        Johann Sebastian Bach - Jesu meine Freude                                                            163

                        Johann Sebastian Bach - St.John Passion                                                            164           

                        Ludwig van Beethoven -  Mass in C                                                            165

                        Ludwig van Beethoven - Missa Solemnis in D                                                166

                                    Hector Berlioz - Requiem                                                                                    167

                                    Johannes Brahms - Ein deutsches Requiem                                                            168

                        Benjamin Britten - St. Nicolas                                                                        169

                        Benjamin Britten - War Requiem                                                                        170

                        Maurice Durufle - Requiem                                                                        171

                        Gabriel Faure - Requiem                                                                                    173

                        George Frideric Handel - Judas Maccabaeus                                                            174

                        George Frideric Handel - Messiah                                                                        175

                        George Frideric Handel - Chandos Anthems, Coronation Anthems, Te Deums    176-a,b

                        Franz Josef Haydn - The Creation                                                                        177

                        Franz Josef Haydn - Lord Nelson Mass                                                            178                       

                        Arthur Honegger - King David                                                                        179

                        Gustav Mahler - “Resurrection Symphony” (Symphony No. 2)

                        Gustav Mahler - “Symphony of a Thousand”  (Symphony No.8)                           180

                        Felix Mendelssohn - Elijah                                                                               pre-181

                        Claudio Monteverdi - Vespers of 1610                                                            182

                        Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart -  Masses and   Requiem                                                183

                        Carl Orff - Carmina Burana                                                                        184

                        Francis Poulenc -  Gloria                                                                                    185

                        John Rutter - Mass of the Children                                                                        186

                        Franz Schubert - masses and Mass in G major

                        Igor Straninsky - Symphony of Psalms                                                             187

                        Ralph Vaughan Williams -  Dona Nobis Pacem                                                188

                        Ralph Vaughan Williams -  Hodie                                                                        189

                        Giuseppi Verdi -  “Manzoni” Requiem                                                            190

                        Herbert Howells, Malcolm Archer, John Rutter -   Requiems                                       191

           

Appendix 2 - A Translation and pronounciation of the Kyrie-Gloria               

                                    and a brief history of the liturgical mass

                        Pronunciation of German Latin text of mass            .            .           

                        Reprint of pronounciation section from “Translations and Annotations”                

 

Appendix 3 - A selective list of reference materials            .            .            .            .            198           

            General

            J.S.Bach

            G.F.Handel

 

 

Appendix 4 - Annotated Bibliography of Topical Readings            .            .            .            201                                   

         Working with Voices                                                                                   

            Choral Rehearsal Procedures and Techniques

            Conducting Gestures

            Conducting

            Musical Analysis

            Selecting Choral Repertoire

            Sacred music

 

Appendix 5 - Basic Personal Library for Young Conductor            .            .            .            206

 

 

Copyright 2003, B.Vick,Jr.                                               

========================================================================

208 total pages as of 7 July 2003

214 total pages as of  10 august 2004

270+ total pages as of july 5, 2007

 

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